False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.
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Views View Edit History. This extremely drought-tolerant shrub edges and savanna is easy to grow and is already sometimes cultivated. Any improvement, no matter how modest, could thus have a satisfying impact. Even though scientists may not know much about this plant, rural peoples know a lot. This could be an outstanding life-support species for the Sahel and for the equally drought-fraught areas of Ethiopia, Somalia, and southern Africa.
Its enormous tuber and penetrating roots makes it difficult to eradicate. Although an especially hardy life form, shrubs are generally neglected in development activities.
Horticultural Development Although the plant is sometimes cultivated, it is only on a very small, household scale. Skip to content Common Name: The starch granules are irregular in shape and size, some spherical and some elliptical, with diameters varying from 12 to 50 microns.
Upland Areas Potential here is unknown, but perhaps worth finding out. Page Share Cite.
File:Icacina senegalensis MS 4743.JPG
Owing to their size and the fact that they can penetrate far below the surface, they are difficult to dig out. The flesh is white and is usually speckled with yellow spots corresponding to bundles of free xylem. In the northern parts of the Central Oliviformos Republic, for instance, hordes of people each year mount expeditions to collect the fruits and okiviformis themselves fed during the few most-threatening weeks when little else is on hand in the villages.
The species is easy to grow and is already sometimes cultivated in gardens at least in Senegal. Reduction of some toxicants in Icacina mannii by fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Icacina senegalensis icwcina, F. However, the seeds contain bitter substances and cannot be eaten directly. Unfortunately, this book can’t be printed from the OpenBook.
The pieces are afterwards dried, pounded, and strained to remove fibers. Although untouched by agronomic science, the plant is already widespread and depended on by millions.
People leave them underground until absolutely needed. Probably, neither the production of fruits nor roots will be devastated by the careful harvest of the woody biomass.
And there should be a check of seed germination, which is a possible difficulty through the seeds having a short longevity. The tubers show considerable variation in size, ranging up to cm in length, with a diameter of about 30 cm. Iicacina red and plum-like, they are sweet and usually consumed fresh.
Information from Venceslas Goudiaby. The fruit is reportedly eaten in Congo.
Icacina oliviformis – African Orphan Crops Consortium
The fruits, for instance, are widely enjoyed during the annual harvesting season. Thus, there is a need to build a background of reliable knowledge by collecting both knowledge and germplasm, and comparing different features such as fruit icqcina and flavor, seed size and palatability, resistance to pests and diseases, rate of growth, and other important horticultural attributes.
How good does the preparation need to be for safety?
This rugged shrub is the traditional emergency reserve for use in the absolute worst of times when even pearl millet succumbs. In part, this crop has suffered because of its common name.
And it could be exceptionally valuable wherever crop failures and food shortages are ever-present dangers. Looking for other ways to read this?
Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online for free? In addition, analytical chemists need to check samples for micronutrients, protein quality, and fatty acids making up the seed oil. This would help provide the ultimate in food security, not only filling bellies down the decades but also helping save the populace when disastrous droughts arise.
Although the plant is essentially unknown to agronomists, horticulturists, or even the technical literature, several million people rely at various times upon its three different products: In the exploration of this possibility lie fascinating challenges to researchers, entrepreneurs, and other pioneer movers and shakers.