LA CUESTION ETNICA RODOLFO STAVENHAGEN PDF

Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.

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University of California Press; Annual Review of Sociology.

Muere Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo mexicano defensor de los derechos indígenas

In the analysis below I will specifically examine the rate at which children of indigenous parents will be classified in the same ethnic category as their parents when each of the two systems of classification is used.

Perhaps more importantly, the presence of indigenous schools in a municipality appears to strongly encourage greater retention of indigenous language proficiency across generations.

This explanation resembles one of many given for the resurgence in Native American identification in the U. Loveman Stavenhgaen, Muniz Jeronimo O. However, the loss of indigenous language proficiency takes on a greater significance in Mexico because the ability to speak an indigenous language continues to be used as an indicator of ethnicity by researchers and policy makers e.

I stsvenhagen that movement across the ethnic boundary depends on which of the two criteria currently recognized by the Mexican census is used. As noted earlier, only children of mothers and fathers who speak an indigenous language are included in the sample used to test the models in each panel respectively. Nevertheless, in separate analyses not presented here etnicaa available in the online Appendix, the same models were tested for children 16 to 25 years of age, whose ethnic identity may cestion considered firmer than that of younger children.

The Language Situation in Mexico. In these models the probability that a child is classified as indigenous is assumed to be a linear function of the set of predictors. In the analysis below I will test this stigmatization hypothesis against competing explanations.

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Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico

Studies using the ethnic and racial identification of household residents in population censuses and household surveys in other national contexts often cannot identify the specific informant e. Any parent born in a different state is considered a migrant. The boundary that separates the indigenous and non-indigenous population is known to be extremely fluid as it is based on characteristics that can easily change within a generation such as language use, cultural practices and a subjective sense of belonging.

The ability to identify their own ethnicity is in fact considered a fundamental right of indigenous peoples worldwide according to international legislation ILO Thus, including children who are much older could result in selection bias. Speaking an indigenous language may in practice be a requirement for participating in group rituals, as well as for holding positions of responsibility within the community known as cargosand providing volunteer work for collective projects known as tequios.

Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico

In stavengagen to many other surveys used to examine the ethnic and racial identification of parents and their children in the Latin American context, which only allow the parents of a child to be identified if one of them is the head of household e. Only one child from each mother is chosen at random to avoid overweighing population groups with higher fertility rates. Critics of government-sponsored education programs and other economic assistance programs geared towards indigenous groups, charged that they were motivated by a homogenizing agenda that suppressed alternative cultural identities Warman et al.

Critics charge that the multicultural agenda enacted by governments throughout Latin America including Mexico only includes the protection of a limited set of cultural rights, and leaves existing power relations and socioeconomic disparities unchanged Hale ; Speed Columbia University Press; In the cuedtion below I use data from the Mexican census to examine the ethnic classification of children of indigenous parents.

American Indian Ethnic Renewal: As explained in the methodological section below, I am therefore able to ensure that information regarding the ethnic self-identification of parents and their children in the study is provided by the parents themselves.

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For example, children of mothers who speak an indigenous language have English Choose a language for shopping. Using language proficiency as a criterion for indigenous classification not only results in a lower estimate of the overall size of the indigenous population, but as demonstrated in the second part of the statistical analysis, it also leads to a higher estimate of the socioeconomic disadvantage faced by indigenous children.

The same holds true across generations: Please try your request again later.

Ka how dramatically indigenous language proficiency is lost with parental education, it would seem that proxy self-identification is a more stable and therefore preferable criterion for indigenous classification in Mexico. However, as Alba Social boundaries are not fixed over time. Two different criteria are currently used by the Mexican census to identify the indigenous population.

Evidence from other Indo-Latin American countries suggests that Mexico may not be unique in the resurgence of indigenous identification.

Instead of simply asking whether a household resident was indigenous, the census specifically asked whether stavenhqgen household member considered him or herself to be indigenous. However, this finding does not appear to extend to the private sector, where an indigenous identity does not generally serve as a resource for career advancement.

American Stavengagen Science Review.

There are some limited contexts in which claiming an indigenous identity may serve to advance a professional career. Multiculturalism in Latin America: Blackness and Race Mixture: Indigenous students are not generally given preferential treatment in university admissions.

Nevertheless, findings from this literature may help us formulate specific hypotheses about the intergenerational loss of indigenous language proficiency, and stabenhagen indigenous identification according to the language criterion used by the Mexican census.